Geranium Oil

Geranium Oil

Pelargonium graveolens

Geranium Oil, often called ‘Rose Geranium Oil,’ is a key ingredient in perfumery. China is the top producer, with Yunnan Province being a major cultivation area. Annual production is around 80-110 MT, with 20-30 MT consumed locally and the rest exported. Rich in ‘citronellol,’ Chinese geranium is highly sought after for its superior quality, containing over 40% of this compound compared to other origins like Egypt, which have 25% less citronellol. France and the USA are major importers, with France likely being the biggest consumer for fine fragrances.


Geranium Oil, often referred to as ‘Rose Geranium Oil,’ is a highly valued and widely used ingredient in the perfume industry. China is the leading producer of Geranium Oil, with significant production centered in the Yunnan Province. The region’s favorable conditions allow for easy cultivation, and some farms can harvest the plant up to four times a year. Annual global production is estimated to be around 80-110 MT, with approximately 20-30 MT consumed domestically, and the rest exported.

France and the USA are among the largest importers of Geranium Oil, with France presumed to be the biggest consumer, especially for fine fragrances.

Chinese Geranium Oil is particularly prized for its high citronellol content, accounting for over 40% of the oil. Citronellol is a key aromatic compound that contributes to the oil’s floral and rosy fragrance. Despite its higher prices in today’s market, the Chinese variety remains the most sought after due to its exceptional quality. In comparison, Geranium Oils from other origins, like Egypt, contain around 25% less citronellol.

In addition to its significance in perfumery, Geranium Oil has various therapeutic properties, including:

  1. Relaxation and Balance: The oil’s sweet, floral aroma has a calming effect on the mind and can help reduce stress and anxiety.
  2. Skin Care: Geranium Oil is used in skincare products for its astringent and antiseptic properties, which can help improve skin tone, reduce acne, and promote overall skin health.
  3. Insect Repellent: Its naturally occurring compounds can act as an insect repellent, making it a popular choice for natural bug sprays and creams.
  4. Hormonal Balance: Geranium Oil is believed to help regulate hormones and may be beneficial for women experiencing menstrual discomfort.
  5. Anti-inflammatory: The oil has anti-inflammatory properties that can soothe minor skin irritations and inflammation.

The versatility of Geranium Oil in perfumery, aromatherapy, and skincare makes it a valuable and sought-after essential oil in the global market. Its floral and rosy fragrance, coupled with its therapeutic benefits, make it a favorite among consumers and perfumers alike.

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